39 years and Sabra and Shatila massacre is still present

39 years and Sabra and Shatila massacre is still present

As usual, the Palestinian does not forget his right, and the crimes and massacres of "Isarel" remain present in his mind, even if the adults die, so the young people remember the stories of their grandparents about the injustice and barbarism of "Israel".

Not much has passed since the Sabra and Shatila massacre. No one has forgotten it. The witnesses to the massacre are still alive, and the details of the crime are alive in their minds. They tell it to the young, so that it remains engraved in history as the catastrophe and setback and all the crimes that preceded it.

39 years ago, specifically on September 16, 1982, "Isarel" committed a new crime against the Palestinians, but this time it was not on the land of Palestine, but in the Sabra and Shatila refugee camps in Lebanon. 

Details of the massacre

"Israel", led by the "Israeli' Army Minister Ariel Sharon, and its chief of staff Rafael Eitan in Menachem Begin’s government, with the participation of the Lebanese "Kataeb" Party and the Southern Lebanese Army, massacred the Palestinian refugees in the camp. The Lebanese government shut down the camp’s residents and started killing civilians, without taking into account children, women, or adults.

The massacre lasted 3 days, and the camp remained for 48 hours under the constant killing and flare bombs that the "Isareli" army used to launch to open the way for the Lebanese army.

The military mechanisms of "Israel" closed all the entrances to the camp. Journalists and news agencies were not allowed to enter until after the massacre ended, when the world woke up to a massacre described as the most horrific in history.

Due to the absence of media coverage of the crime at that time, there is a discrepancy in the number of victims, as their number ranges from 3,500 to 5,000 Palestinians, including Lebanese, most of whom are women, children and elderly civilians.

Hanafi: “When "Israel" commits crimes of this kind, it aims to wipe out entire camps.”

The Director of the Palestinian Institution for Human Rights "Witness" Dr. Mahmoud Hanafi said that "when "Israel" commits crimes of this kind and size, at least it aims to wipe out entire camps, because rebuilding a camp and returning those who were in it again is a difficult issue, especially in Lebanon."

Hanafi added in his statement to "Palestinians abroad", "Shatila camp was not only destroyed, but a massacre was committed in it so that this camp could not be established again or stand on its feet, and that massacre took place in order to disperse the Palestinian human masses and destroy the morale in it from During the massacres, an old policy adopted by "Israel" prior to its occupation of Palestine in 1948.

Legal dimension

On the legal moves to hold those responsible for the massacre accountable, Hanafi explained that there are three responsibilities that must be determined first before legal prosecution, and as he mentioned, “the first is related "Israel", which formed a formal committee and denied any responsibility for this matter on the grounds that it was not committed, while the estimates indicate that It was she who created the conditions, opened the way and lit the flares for the entry of the Christian right-wing forces, and she was the one who supervised."

"The second responsibility is Lebanese, as the Lebanese government did not form an official Lebanese fact-finding committee, and it did not issue a report indicating that the massacre took place on its territory."

There is also a third responsibility linked to UNRWA, as it is also an international organization, and these are Palestinian refugees, and no report or clear statement has been issued regarding who is responsible, and therefore the attempts were weak to cover the issue well.”

And he indicated that there was an opportunity to prosecute the perpetrators of the crime, when a lawsuit was filed against Ariel Sharon in Belgium, and things went well, but as a result of American "Israeli" pressure on Belgium and the Belgian judiciary, the law was amended, which had what is known as universal jurisdiction, meaning that the local judiciary has to deal with It deals with cases that took place in other than Belgium and have an international dimension, and Belgium became interested only in what is happening on its territory, and thus the case ended.

Regarding the possibility of an opportunity to hold the participants in the massacre accountable, Hanafi said, "There is no direct opportunity, because the International Criminal Court has jurisdiction and temporal jurisdiction, because the massacre occurred before 2002, and the temporal jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court is linked to the crimes that occurred after 2002."

He stressed that crimes do not have a statute of limitations, especially for example this crime, criminal crimes, crimes against humanity and war crimes.

He pointed out that it is possible to open an investigation or to prosecute the Israeli occupation at any time if there is good documentation and to benefit from the data obtained.

He added: "We, as Palestinians abroad, especially in Europe and countries that maintain relations with "Israel", have the possibility at least to move this file and raise it again so that the issue does not pass as if it were a memory that passed quietly."

The Director of the Palestinian Institution for Human Rights “Witness” Dr. Mahmoud Hanafi stressed the need to keep the Sabra and Shatila case alive, saying: “This case must remain alive and it must not die, because if it dies, it will encourage others to commit more crimes, and the criminal must remain in a state.” Concern and anticipation for the possibility of prosecuting him and holding him accountable at any time, and the blood of the victims should not subside, nor should the Palestinians, their civil society, nor the Palestinians abroad of those who committed a heinous crime against them calm down.

For his part, the spokesman for the Popular Conference for Palestinians Abroad, Ziad Al-Aloul, said in his statement to "Palestinians abroad," that "after 39 years, the Zionist gangs that committed the crime and those who cooperated with them from the Lebanese "Kataeb" Party and the South Lebanon Army did not stand before justice and were not held accountable, so the crime continues." "

Al-Aloul added: "What we hope and the wish of every Palestinian and every free person is that those who committed this crime against the Palestinian people or against the Lebanese people will be tried."

He stressed that the Sabra and Shatila crime did not limit the determination of the Palestinians to resist "Israel" and did not stop the Palestinian people's right to struggle for their freedom and independence.

He pointed out that the massacre is still witness to the brutality of "Isarel" and its aggression against the Palestinian and Lebanese people.